Ever-widening cracks are appearing in the Big Bang theory of the universe’s origin. However, the Big Bang theory accurately supports the great majority of cosmological observations, so any new theory should retain many, if not most, of the basic Big Bang components.
There is a new theory of the universe’s origin and evolution, called the Hyper-Dimensional Universe (HDU), which postulates exactly that sort of “new and improved” version of the Big Bang theory. Although there are major differences between the two models, the cyclical HDU model includes a supremely hot, dense “beginning,” as does Big Bang theory.
The widest crack in the Big Bang theory is the spate of recent astronomical observations that the expansion of the universe is accelerating, which is not supported by Big Bang theory. However, the cyclical HDU model of the universe does involve a long period of accelerating expansion—just as we now observe.
HDU theory also includes a precise description of what is now known as dark matter and dark energy, including exactly what they are, and their exact locations. The HDU model logically leads to a dynamo-type explanation for observed cosmic electromagnetic fields in the femto-Gauss range which extend to the very largest scales of the universe, without requiring any convoluted theoretical fiddling with non-standard inflationary interactions, as would be required in Big Bang theory. Another compelling strength of HDU theory is that it answers the question of what came before the hot, dense beginning.
In line with the “new and improved” version of the Big Bang theory, HDU offers a new and improved version of de Broglie-Bohm pilot-wave theory. HDU describes wave-particle duality and offers a clear explanation for the double-slit experiment, in a manner reminiscent of pilot-wave theory, while also offering powerful insight and/or counterpoints to Bell’s theorem, the many-worlds interpretation, the Copenhagen interpretation, etc.
Another example of the “new and improved” aspects of HDU is how its proposed space-time energy continuum reworks what has been called zero-point energy, the cosmological constant, the ether, or the vacuum state, in a way that is deeply relevant to all these competing, or complementary, schools of thought regarding a universal backdrop of energy in the universe. In HDU, this field is the purveyor of the gravitational force via its interaction with matter, as well as the purveyor of the wave-like characteristics demonstrated by objects ranging from fundamental particles (the double-slit experiment) all the way up to large-scale cosmological structures that take on wave-like characteristics (e.g. accretion disks).
The HDU space-time energy field drives wave-particle duality and, perhaps counter-intuitively, gravitation, via its repulsive/ supportive “oil and water” type of interaction with quantum mass/energy. At the same time, it is mediated by a universal gravitational field which enables quantum particles to acquire mass. This underlying gravitational field, which is non-gradated and equal in strength in all directions, interacts with quantum matter at the smallest scales. It is derived from an entirely different gravitational source than “standard” gravitational sources, and is part of a supreme feedback loop between the largest of mega-scale structure, and the tiniest, fundamental, quantum units of matter. This mega-scale structure also provides the stunning key for solving the matter/ anti-matter discrepancy in our universe.
No other model of the universe addresses all these disparate areas of existing cosmological and quantum mechanical theory. HDU does so by maintaining integral aspects of a variety of mainstream theories (while upending significant portions of those previous theories) and combining them together into a coherent model of the universe– past, present, and future.
There are some other important aspects of the HDU model. For example, this new way of looking at space-time leads to a specific, physical description of electromagnetic energy which encompasses all the unusual observations of a photon, such as its apparent invariance of velocity, and its ability to vary its wavelength depending on the relative velocity of the light source. Also coming into clear focus with this new model is the heretofore mysterious phenomenon of quantum entanglement.
The underlying premise of the new HDU astrophysical model is that both Albert Einstein and H.A. Lorentz unnecessarily limited the scope of physical manifestations in the universe, due to a basic misconception involving Lorentz’ relativistic velocity transformations. There are three equations in question, each relating how an observer’s perceptions and ability to interact with an object change as the object accelerates towards relativistic velocities (approaching “light speed”, known as c in Physics parlance). These are known as the length contraction equation, the time dilation equation, and the mass increase equation.
Both Einstein and Lorentz felt that these equations described the entire possible range of matter in the universe, and Einstein proceeded with that thinking as a fundamental basis for his theory of Special Relativity. HDU theory points out the critical failings of that viewpoint, how those failings have unnecessarily limited our understanding of relativity, and, by extension, have unnecessarily limited the entire framework of modern cosmology.
Particle accelerators are perhaps our best example of the full manifestations of the transformation equations as Einstein and Lorentz understood them. In a particle accelerator, the relativistic addition of velocities equation can be used to calculate the diminishing returns of the potential acceleration of particles (per the mass increase equation), as the relativistic velocities of those particles increase towards c from the standpoint of a stationary observer (the “ground state” of the accelerator itself).
But what would happen if we significantly accelerated a portion of the accelerator itself (on a side track, perhaps), independent of the primary, stationary accelerator structure? In other words, shunt a particle already moving at 0.99999c into this moving limb of the accelerator, while accelerating that entire limb down a track to a significant velocity (say 0.00005c), while simultaneously continuing to accelerate the particle itself within the moving length of the limb, so that the particle re-attains its velocity of 0.99999c, but now relative to the moving limb.
This is where Einstein’s conception of the Lorentz transformations, and his conception of the relativistic addition of velocities, breaks down. This is also where a new era of accelerator research could accelerate particles into realms unimagined by present-day physics dogma—literally into a separate physical dimension, compared with the reference frame of the original, ground-based static accelerator. This set-up, although obviously fraught with difficulty, might possibly be achieved within a generation, with enough resources behind it. That would represent a milestone human achievement.
In a similar vein, an interesting experiment performed by The French physicist Georges Sagnac in 1913, involving rotation and interferometry, warrants consideration, as does a more recent, modified Sagnac experiment performed with a fiber optic conveyer (Physics Letters A, Volume 312, Issues 1-2, Pages 7-10). These experiments, which are difficult to reconcile with classic assumptions of Special Relativity and/or Lorentz invariance, find a new level of clarity when the HDU model of space-time and electromagnetic energy is considered.
A book, “The Enlightening,” has been written which describes this new theory of the HDU. The book may take people by surprise in more ways than one. For one thing, the book is presented in the conversational manner of a novel, first building a foundation of principles, and then spelling out its conclusions along the way. It does so via a cumulative series of deeply intertwined thought experiments (including a description of one very illuminating physical experiment), and a variety of new, supporting concepts. The result is a book which will be discussed and debated by physicists for its revolutionary approach to the interactions of energy in the universe, while non-scientists will also gain new cosmological understanding of things they may never have previously considered.
The literary structure of a novel and wide utilization of thought experiments allow the book to be enjoyed and understood by a much wider audience– you don’t have to be a physicist to read the book and come to a new understanding of the universe. Also, the literary structure of a novel enables the book to work on multiple, more humanistic levels that wouldn’t be achievable with a strictly physics dissertation-type format. All readers can enjoy the literary aspect of the book, and its contemplation of humanity and our place in the universe.
Even more controversially, perhaps, the ideas are presented within the backdrop of an alien mission/ visitation to Earth. Why include alien beings in a book which is meant to be taken seriously as a scientific document? Well, this is not the first Physics book which has taken that approach. For example, Dr. Don Lincoln took a similar approach in his book “Alien Universe.” In “The Enlightening,” the alien backstory provides a useful means to discuss the relativistic aspects of space travel in order to further the understanding of the HDU and hyper-dimensional space-time, much as Dr. Lincoln used an alien backstory to help elucidate his thoughts.
More posts are to follow, but those interested might want to check out the link to the book (below). The book describes the HDU in a much greater level of detail, without relying on obtuse mathematical formulas and equations to make its points. The “Free Preview” allows you to read the first nine chapters of the book, which introduce the unique structure and approach of the book, as well as some of the preliminary concepts regarding the relativistic transformation equations. From the “full screen” preview, you can jump to the information regarding the book on the Amazon site. You DO NOT have to buy anything if you click on the “BUY ON AMAZON” link. That will just take you directly to the book listing, on the Amazon site, where there is more information, which you can peruse without buying. If you are not in the USA, check your country’s Amazon website for a link to the book, which may be available as a softcover and/or e-book. Thank you, sincerely, for your consideration of these revolutionary ideas.